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APPENDIX D: CAPABILITY GAPS IDENTIFIED IN THE 2011/12 PLANNING CYCLE

The Capability Gap Analysis Process

The Capability Gap Analysis is an annual exercise undertaken by the Canadian Coast Guard in order to identify gaps in the Agency’s ability to meet service requirements.

Each Coast Guard program is reviewed by identifying target capabilities and comparing them with existing capabilities. Capability gaps exist when a program’s current capability does not meet or exceed its targeted capability. Using a defined rating scale, each gap is scored against its current and future capability (two, five, ten and twenty years from now).

The goal of the exercise is twofold:

  • Help ensure that CCG’s limited investment dollars are allocated to the highest priorities and clearly linked to its mandate requirements.
  • Provide CCG with the necessary time to identify alternatives to address any current and future gaps.

This step of the investment planning framework leads to identifying possible investments, alternatives and mitigation measures to address the Agency’s gaps. Although the exercise considers future shifts in service requirements, it is not a vehicle for program expansion, but rather a tool to help prioritize investment projects and lead to making better investment decisions.

Not all capability gaps are addressed in this Investment Plan for a number of reasons, including:

  • the priority of the capability gap as related to its impact on service delivery;
  • the lack of internal or external capacity to address the gap within the five-year planning cycle;
  • the lack of funds available in the five-year planning cycle; and,
  • the ability to address the gap in future planning cycles given the amount of lead time available.

The Capability Gap Analysis uses a twenty-year time horizon, meaning that identified gaps may not necessarily impact current service delivery.

Results from the Capability Gap Analysis

The following is a summary, by program activity, of gaps that have been identified during the 2011/12 exercise:

1. Aids to Navigation

1.1. Visual, Electronic & Aural Aids

An aids to navigation system is provided where the volume of traffic justifies and the degree of risk requires aids as outlined in the program directives and procedures as well as specified conditions in the CCG Levels of Service document.

Coast Guard Gaps:
  • Lack of visual, aural & electronic aids to navigation to support the re-supply of some northern communities and Arctic shipping
  • Requirement to increase visual aids to navigation on the Pacific Coast and in commercial channels in Eastern Regions to accommodate higher vessel traffic and larger ship sizes
  • Floating aids are aging and as they near the end of their lifecycle, failures may lead to service interruption
  • Range structures and other fixed aids are aging and as they near the end of their lifecycle, failures may lead to service interruption;
  • Reduced ability to maintain remote aids to navigation sites accessible only by helicopter and lacking safe landing sites
  • Some lightstations on the West Coast cannot operate autonomously
Real Property Gaps:
  • Deteriorating facilities at the following staffed lightstations: Estevan Point, Ivory Island, Nootka, Triple Island, Port Colborne, Cape Sable and Cape Race

1.2. Electronic Positioning Systems

Differential Global Positioning System (DGPS) broadcast station coverage is provided in Canadian coastal areas south of 60ON., major Canadian waterways, Vessel Traffic Services (VTS) zones and ports. Multiple DGPS broadcast station coverage is also provided in restricted high traffic waterways and harbour approaches which are designated VTS zones with radar coverage.

Coast Guard Gaps:
  • Outdated DGPS equipment (hardware and software) requires complete replacement
  • Lack of DGPS coverage in the Arctic
  • Gaps in DGPS coverage in some shipping areas (as shipping grows, it is expected that the number of gaps will increase)

1.3. Navigational Safety Information

Provide electronic versions of Navigation Safety publications on the Notices to Mariners website. In addition, make available for purchase through chart dealers paper versions of publications.

Coast Guard Gaps:
  • Inconsistent data between the Aids Program Information System and the Asset Management System cause discrepancies

2. Waterways Management Services

2.1. Channel Dredging

Provide dredging services in the Canadian portions of the Great Lakes interconnecting Channels (St. Clair, Detroit and St. Mary’s Rivers) as required to meet international obligations. As well, provide dredging services on the St. Lawrence River shipping channel on a cost recovery basis.

Coast Guard Gaps:
  • Ongoing maintenance dredging is required in main shipping channels
  • Some waterways are not deep or wide enough to accommodate larger vessels (such as Post-Panamax)

2.2. Channel Monitoring

Monitor channel bathymetry by surveying commercial shipping channels to identify the bottom conditions, as well as restrictions on or hazards to safe navigation.

Coast Guard Gaps:
  • Lack of channel bottom monitoring (surveys) and water depth forecasting services to support Arctic shipping

2.3. Marine Structures

Provide day-to-day management and minor maintenance to identified marine structures. As well, operation and life cycle management of three ice booms and nine ice islands in Quebec.

Real Property Gaps:
  • On the Fraser River, the Stevenson North jetty and the trifurcation require restoration
  • The breakwater at Maugher’s Beach in Maritimes region requires restoration

3. Canso Canal Operations

3.1. Canso Canal Operations

Ensure working operation and life-cycle management of the canal located at Canso Causeway, Nova Scotia.

Real Property Gaps:
  • A number of structures (including the gear boxes, quanzit hut, administration building and the canal system itself) have deteriorated and require refurbishment / replacement

4. Search and Rescue Services (SAR)

4.1. SAR Response

Provide coordination of search and rescue missions in Canadian and International waters to mariners and to others in need of humanitarian aid on a 24/7 and on a risk basis during the local navigation season

Coast Guard Gaps:
  • Lack of SAR coverage on the Labrador Coast to respond to increased demand
  • Lack of secondary SAR assets on Lake Superior
  • SAR search planning accuracy may be reduced as Self-Locating Datum Marker Buoys reach the end of their useful life, resulting in lower SAR effectiveness
  • Detection capabilities for SAR targets are not being maximized (e.g. night vision, infra-red)
  • Difficult to efficiently coordinate responses to SAR missions with CCGA boats and Inshore Rescue Boats, due to lack of a Class B Automatic Identification System.
Real Property Gaps:
  • A number of SAR stations require rehabilitation/rebuild: Saltspring-Ganges, Kingston, Burin, Port Weller, Gimli, Cobourg, Bamfield and Prince Rupert
  • There is a need to build new SAR Stations at Powell River and Campbell River

4.2. Response in the Arctic

Provide coordination of search and rescue missions in the Arctic through vessels operating in the North.

Coast Guard Gaps:
  • Lack of SAR coverage in the Arctic

4.3. SAR Communications

Provide reliable, interoperable communications systems vital to the overall delivery of SAR services and in the coordination of multi-agency responses of aeronautical or maritime distress or other incidents.

Coast Guard Gaps:
  • Lack of modern interoperable computer-based communication systems

5. Environmental Response Services

5.1. Pollution Response Asset Base

Plan and provide a preparedness response capacity for response to ship-source and mystery-source marine pollution incidents in waters under Canadian Jurisdiction, with countries sharing contiguous waters with Canada and for the support of other countries under international agreements.

Coast Guard Gaps:
  • Will be unable to maintain ER levels of service as aging ER pollution response equipment approaches the end of its operational life
  • Lack of sufficient temporary storage capacity for recovered product
  • Lack of capability to respond to Hazardous and Noxious Substances spills

5.2. Environmental Response Information Management System

Report on marine pollution incidents and the respective responses associated with each incident using the Marine Pollution Incident Reporting System.

Coast Guard Gaps:
  • Unable to ensure consistent quality and accuracy of marine pollution incident information

5.3. Asset Life-cycle Management System

Provide a life-cycle management inventory response capacity management system with the capability to ensure constant state of readiness of environmental response equipment

Coast Guard Gaps:
  • Incapable of providing systematic procurement, maintenance and disposal of pollution countermeasures across Canada

6. Marine Communications and Traffic Services

6.1. Marine Communication and Traffic Services (MCTS)

Provide distress and safety communications, conduct vessel screenings of vessels entering Canadian waters, regulate vessel traffic movement in selected Canadian waters and provide marine information in support of activities on a 24/7 basis.

Coast Guard Gaps:
  • Unreliable VHF/DF coverage falls below existing levels of service in some areas on both coasts
  • Difficulty in facilitating SAR communications with current VHF/DF coverage
  • Lack of integration between aging MDS, NAVTEX, radar, VHF/DF and AIS systems within the VTMIS
  • MCTS assets are aging and as they near the end of their lifecycle, failures may lead to service interruption
  • Unable to perform multifunction switching and simultaneous communications on different radio frequencies with CCS
Real Property Gaps:
  • Tofino MCTS centre requires renovations
  • Sydney MCTS centre requires expansion

7. Icebreaking Services

7.1. Ice-routing and Information

Provide ice information to the marine public through Ice Operation Centres and recommend ice routes, ice charts, ice advisories and advice to support safe navigation around difficult areas of ice on a 24/7 basis.

Coast Guard Gaps:
  • Lack of adequate current satellite coverage in southern Canada (only updated every three days)
  • Inability to transmit large amounts of ice data to ships in the high Arctic
  • May be unable to maintain levels of service as ICE-VU and ICEggs software systems are coming to the end of their useful life

8. Maritime Security Services

8.1. Maritime Security

The program targets to support the delivery of the Government of Canada’s security objectives and operate advanced vessel tracking initiatives capable of performing surveillance and identification of vessels approaching and operating within the Great Lakes and up to 40 nautical miles from Canada’s east and west coasts.

Coast Guard Gaps:
  • Delayed implementation of an advanced and automated vessel tracking system

9. Lifecycle Asset Management Services

9.1. Common Equipment

The program targets to provide shore-based repair and maintenance support necessary to deliver asset management services.

Coast Guard Gaps:
  • Unable to provide adequate shore-based repair and maintenance support due to unreliable heavy equipment

9.2. Common Information Systems

The program targets to be able to capture, store and access information on CCG assets for the effective delivery of life cycle asset management services.

Coast Guard Gaps:
  • MAINTelligence is not installed on all vessels and therefore cannot access information from the Asset Management System for all vessels

10. Fleet Operational Readiness Services

10.1. Large Vessel and Helicopter Platform

The program targets to provide a sufficient number of reliable, sustainable and multi-tasking class built vessels and helicopters to maintain existing levels of service for CCG programs, DFO programs and to respond to the Government of Canada’s on-water and marine related priorities.

Coast Guard Gaps:
  • Unable to maintain Fleet levels of service as old vessels and helicopters breakdown or come out of service

10.2. Refit

The program must maintain vessels and helicopters according to acts, regulations and program requirements.

Coast Guard Gaps:
  • Unable to ensure consistent quality and accuracy of marine pollution incident information

10.3. Small Craft Platform

The program is supported by Small Craft assets, which are faster and capable of operating in shallow and restricted waters.

Coast Guard Gaps:
  • Renewal activities are insufficient to properly life cycle manage Small Craft assets

10.4. Fleet Information Systems

The program targets to provide Fleet with the means to plan, assign and monitor marine personnel, vessels and helicopters to meet client needs and report on activities.

Coast Guard Gaps:
  • Existing tracking mechanism (NavLink) in helicopter lacks shore-based capability
  • Voice communication systems do not provide real time position and cannot provide position for small craft
  • Lack of electronic data transmission technology with ship-to-shore and shore-to-ship capability

11. Canadian Coast Guard College

11.1. Living Accommodations

The College targets to provide a living and learning environment that promotes optimal learning for 256 officer cadets, 36 Marine Communication and Traffic Services Officers and Rescue, Safety and Environmental Response personnel.

Real Property Gaps:
  • Inadequate and insufficient living accommodations
  • Lack of air conditioning in residential wings of the College

11.2. Simulator Housing

The College targets to provide a living and learning environment that promotes optimal learning.

Coast Guard Gaps:
  • Inadequate simulator accommodation space to handle increased training requirements in an interoperable simulated training environment

11.3. Simulator Technology

The College targets to provide a living and learning environment that promotes optimal learning.

Coast Guard Gaps:
  • Existing MCTS Station simulator is outdated and does not provide optimal training
  • Existing Marine Propulsion Plant and Blind Pilotage Radar training simulators are outdated and do not provide optimal training

11.4. College Infrastructure Systems

The College targets to maintain a modern facility that meets all safety and security codes, regulations and standards.

Real Property Gaps:
  • The College’s existing electrical and mechanical/control systems are outdated and do not meet codes, regulations and standards

11.5. College Infrastructure

The College targets to maintain a modern facility that meets all safety and security codes, regulations and standards.

Real Property Gaps:
  • Roof and shingles at the College do not meet codes, regulations and standards

12. Common Infrastructure

12.1. St. John’s Base Infrastructure

The program targets to a building infrastructure that meets Treasury Board Secretariat standards.

Real Property Gaps:
  • Existing St. John’s Base does not meet TBS standards

12.2. St. John’s Base Building Systems

The program targets to maintain modern base building systems at St. John's Base.

Real Property Gaps:
  • Existing St. John’s base building systems are outdated and difficult to maintain

12.3. St. John’s Operations

The program targets to promote efficient and effective CCG operations in the city of St. John's.

Real Property Gaps:
  • Inefficient and ineffective network of multiple CCG operational sites in St. John's

12.4. St. John’s Base Accommodation

The program targets to provide adequate accommodation space for St. John’s staff and operations.

Real Property Gaps:
  • Lack of office accommodation space at St. John’s Base

13. Maritimes Common Infrastructure

13.1. Bedford Institute of Oceanography (BIO) Building Vessel Access

The program targets to provide safe and unobstructed access to sea wall at the BIO Building for CCG vessels

Real Property Gaps:
  • Unsafe and obstructed BIO Building sea wall

13.2. BIO Building Water Treatment

The program targets to provide waste water treatment system at BIO Building that is compliant with Environment Canada.

Real Property Gaps:
  • Non-compliant waste water treatment system at BIO Building

13.3. BIO Building Fire Regulations

The program targets to ensure that BIO Building meets fire regulations.

Real Property Gaps:
  • BIO Building does not meet fire regulations

13.4. Charlottetown Base Wharf

The program targets to ensure structural integrity of the Charlottetown Base wharf.

Real Property Gaps:
  • Unable to ensure structural integrity of the Charlottetown Base wharf

13.5. St. Andrews Biological Stations (SABS) Wharf

The program targets to provide safe loading/unloading truck access on the SABS Wharf.

Real Property Gaps:
  • Unsafe loading/unloading truck access at the SABS Wharf

13.6. Emergency Operations Centres

The program targets to provide dedicated Emergency Operations Centre at Shannon Hill as required by the Fleet Safety Manual.

Real Property Gaps:
  • Lack of dedicated Emergency Operations Centre at Shannon Hill

13.7. Sable Island

The program targets to ensure that obsolete navigation installations, equipment and building at Sable Island are cleaned up and secured.

Real Property Gaps:
  • Existing obsolete navigational installations, equipment and buildings at Sable Island are not cleaned up and secured

14. Quebec Common Infrastructure

14.1. Queen’s Wharf

The program targets to provide CCG vessels and operations a fully functional and accessible wharf with 100% loading capacity at the Queen’s Wharf.

Real Property Gaps:
  • Existing aging wharf is not 100% fully functional and operational offering only limited loading capacity

14.2. Quebec Base Building Systems

The program targets to maintain a modern Quebec Base building systems that meet all safety and security codes, regulations and standards.

Real Property Gaps:
  • Existing Quebec Base’s building systems are outdated and difficult to maintain

14.3. Quebec Base Accommodations

The program targets to provide adequate accommodation space for Quebec Base staff and operations.

Real Property Gaps:
  • Lack of accommodation space for Quebec Base staff and operations

14.4. Quebec Base Water Treatment

The program targets to provide waste water treatment system at Quebec Base that is compliant with Environment Canada.

Real Property Gaps:
  • Non-compliant waste water treatment system at Quebec Base

14.5. Quebec Base Security Gate

The program targets to provide safe, efficient and quick security access to CCG staff and visitors at vehicle security gate.

Real Property Gaps:
  • Existing security gate at Quebec Base is not safe, efficient and quick

15. Central & Arctic Common Infrastructure

15.1. Mid-shore Patrol Vessel Infrastructure Support

The program targets to maintain infrastructure to support the MSPVs at all bases and non-CCG locations that the Maritime Security Enforcement Team program will be operating from.

Real Property Gaps:
  • Lack of seawall access and ship services at some smaller CCG stations
  • Lack of access to non department facilities (public/town/private docks)

15.2. Prescott Base

The program targets to provide a safe and reliable facility at Prescott Base that meets all safety and security codes, regulations and standards.

Real Property Gaps:
  • Existing Prescott Base’s building systems are outdated, difficult to maintain and do not meet all safety and security codes, regulations and standards

15.3. Parry Sound Base

The program targets to provide a safe and reliable facility at Parry Sound Base that meets all safety and security codes, regulations and standards.

Real Property Gaps:
  • Existing Parry Sound Base’s building systems are outdated, difficult to maintain and do not meet all safety and security codes, regulations and standards

16. Pacific Common Infrastructure

16.1. Information Technology (IT) Network Infrastructure

The program targets to provide a reliable IT Network infrastructure at all major sites.

Real Property Gaps:
  • Lack of reliable IT Network infrastructure at major sites outside of Regional headquarters

16.2. Seal Cove Base Facility

The program targets to provide a safe and reliable facility at Seal Cove Base.

Real Property Gaps:
  • Lack of a safe and reliable facility at Seal Cove Base

16.3. Victoria Base Facility

The program targets to provide a safe and reliable facility at Victoria Base.

Real Property Gaps:
  • Lack of a safe and reliable facility at Victoria Base

Additional notes

  1. Many gaps relate to an expected increase in marine activity in the North. Retreating polar ice, global demand for resources, and prospects of year-round shipping are creating new challenges and opportunities which will in turn increase the demand for existing Coast Guard services. Investment Management Board will continue to analyze these trends in order to establish a Coast Guard Arctic vision and integrated Arctic strategy and determine funding strategies to support this increase in required services.
  2. Numerous CCG-related Real Property gaps are included in this analysis. As part of its annual investment planning process, CCG made formal recommendations to the Real Property centre of expertise to address these gaps. More information can be found in Appendix F.